domingo, 27 de marzo de 2016
Before anything I would like to say a sincere thank you to Rodger McKinley who not only read the blog, but put "two and two together" and promptly sent me a message about his father's work on the Canadian McKinley's, who tie straight back into our Mayo McKinley family via Robert McKinley and his wife Mary Nicholson (see Mayo Generation 2.3), that Robert being the son of John McKinley (Generation 2.0) who had married an 'unknown' McKinley - probably named Eleanor.
Rodger's father had started his family tree with the first generation of McKinley's to settle in Canada, namely Robert & Mary McKinley, respectively to Newtownwhite and Rathnamagh in Mayo. I have listed that these two married in 1814 and that their first child (Eleanor) was born the following year. From this Eleanor comes the assumption that Robert's mother was called Eleanor. The we have Mary (after her mother), born in 1821, John in 1822 (named after his paternal grandfather), and Thomas in 1824. The Canadian McKinley notes show reference to a broken tombstone in Mayo referring to Robert & Mary, and certainly the data that I have sees to tie in.
The Canadian line starting with Robert & Mary show three children listed in Canada: Eleanor, John and Robert. hence it is to be assumed that both little Mary and Thomas died in infancy. the three surviving children settle in the Ontario region of Canada and married.
Eleanor McKinley, who I have as being born in 1815 (Canadian documentation is not clear on her birth year, suggesting 1824, but clear on the fact that she married one Mathew Fullerton in 1839 - it is unlikely that she married aged 14 (ie 1824) so for the time being the 1815 date holds. Eleanor died in 1893.
John McKinley is listed from both sources as being born in 1822, and he marries one Margaret Jane Clark in 1853 - he died in 1907.
Robert McKinley Junior was born in 1828, and given that we have no record of him in Ireland means that he was probably born in Canada. He is listed as having married a Jane McLinchey, and as having died in 1865.
These McKinley settled in the area of Bayfield on the southern shores of Lake Huron. John McKinley (the line from whence Rodger) and his wife Margaret had 12 children, eleven of whom survived childhood, with ten of them marrying.
lunes, 26 de septiembre de 2011
All of this digging around for McKinley fore-bearers has left me with a meaningful gap in the line: in the latter half of the 17th century, ie post-1650 we have documented evidence of McKinley families in Donegal, Londonderry and Tyrone. We also have a McKinley in Sligo, but he didn't seem to have stayed put for long. Then if I work backwards I have my Sligo McKinleys clearly originating from eastern Mayo, with the earliest (or rather the oldest) there having been born less than a hundred years after the McKinleys listed in the various Hearth Money Rolls of the 17th century. Just to add to the problem, we are looking for records in one of the wettest, dampest and least developed of Ireland's counties: Mayo.
viernes, 11 de febrero de 2011
On the 1st of July the Enniskilleners were to play a very important part in that famous battle. The centre of William's army on that day was composed of four regiments of foot the Dutch Blue Guards, the Brandenburghers, the Huguenot Regiment and the Enniskilleners. William knew that the brunt of the fighting would be borne by these regiments and that they would not falter in their resolve. The first two because of their love for him and his cause, the latter two because of their devotion to the Reformed Faith.
When William knew that his horse regiments had successfully forded the Boyne upstream, he sent orders to his centre division to cross the river. The four regiments stepped forward to the tune of 'Lilliburlero', which had chased James from England and was now heralding his defeat at the Boyne. The centre regiments gave a good account of themselves and although repeatedly attacked by the Irish horse, held firm their positions. When ordered to advance again they did so in good order, but the Irish rallied and stopped the advance at this point in the battle.
Hamilton's frish Horse attacked and the critical moment in the conflict had arrived. William rode up to the Ermiskilleners, and asked them what they would do for him. Tradition alleges that David McKinley, an Enniskillen trooper, who had pointed out the ford to the King when he and his division were about to cross the river, cried out, "Anything your Majesty pleases".
viernes, 17 de diciembre de 2010
miércoles, 17 de noviembre de 2010
Prior to 1718 the vast majority of Irish that emigrated to the New World were Quakers that left the Armagh and Waterford areas and went to Pennsylvania. Bolton estimates, citing various sources, that by that date there were fewer than 500-600 Irish in the New World colonies. But in 1718 six ships reached New England from Derry, Coleraine, Belfast and Dublin, bring with them a number of young men and women to be assigned as servants to merchants and families in Boston. Along with these came the earliest Presbyterian groups, following on from the arrival into New England of two Ulster Presbyterian preachers three years earlier: the Rev William Homes, of Strabane (Co. Tyrone) settled on Martha's Vineyard and his brother-in-law the Rev Thomas Craighead settled just across on the mainland at Fall River. These two had sent back favourable reports and had lobbied locally to bring new colonists from Ireland.
More or less at the same time (1719 to be precise) the Ulster Scots started to arrive into Delaware and Pennsylvanie. The main port of entry was New Castle, which by that time was already a bustling town. The newcomers pushed north soon gained sufficient number and settlement to obtain a formal name for their first settlement on the western banks of the Susquehanna River up at current day Harrisburg: the name of that settlement was Donegal. Soon enough nearby to Donegal came, Derry and Toboyne. Seems to me pretty clear as to where those early Presbyterians came from!
The First Wave c1720s-30s
Delaware: Moses McKinley marries local widow Elizabeth Greenwater in New Castle 22nd Aug 1722. Where did Moses come from; not a notion. Where did he end up? Looks like we have another Moses McKinley fifty years later in North Carolina (not the Carburrus line). The name is sufficiently un-McKinley'ish to assume a link.
Pennsylvania: Matthew McKinley is named as administrator of Samuel McKinley in the latter's will of 1728, in Chester County PA. Typically this means that Samuel was in-extremis. But later that same year we have (another?) Samuel McKinley witnessing a will in the same county. The next McKinley to appear in Chester County gives us a bit of a break-through: in 1735 Patrick McKinley married Elenor Galbraith, daughter of James Galbraith. Galbraith had been one of the main forces behind the founding of Donegal and the family came from Newtown Cunningham, just 15 miles to the west of Londonderry. Patrick dies within the next ten years and his widow married one Benjamin Glas, but that first marriage produced three McKinley children:John, Joseph and Janet.
Boston: William MacKinley marries local widow Lydia Pomroy 1722. We than have in 1733 Lydiah Mekinly marrying a certain Youth Young in Boston on Dec 20th 1733. I take this to mean that William had passed away and the merry widow moved on to the aptly named third husband. By that time two more McKinley's had arrived in Boston as there are marriage records of Duncan McKinley marrying Mary Frost in October 1730 and John McKinly marrying Tersy Frayr the following year.
Last in in the 1730's, as far as I have found, was John McKinley (arrived 1736) who fathered Robert McKinley who in turn was sent as a ten year'old to live with his uncle in Chester, New Hampshire. This John had travelled over with a group including Robert Craige, Allen Templeton and John Orr: as my notes below show, this group looks as if it came from North Antrim. John and wife Ann stayed in Boston, but I suspect both parents died given that Robert McKinley (born Boston 1736) was sent up to his uncle at the age of 10 and subsequently became his heir. Clearly the eldest son of John being called Robert, suggests that this was the name of John's father.
From whence had they hailed?
Few Scotsmen emigrated to the US in the first half of the 18th century and post the defeat of Bonnie Prince Charlie at Culloden in 1745 most fled to France and Spain if they fled at all. The main Scottish emigration only gathered steam in the latter part of the 17th century. Thus there is a high probability that all of these McKinleys were Scots-Irish. This begs the question as to just who was in Ireland at those times. We know that prior to the 1660's the bulk of the Irish McKinleys were in the Donegal, Londonderry, Tyrone area, then came the second wave into the North Antrim area. These two groups are are seeding ground for the New World settlers. Names now come into play as one assumes that they maintained in this period the old Scottish method of first sons being names after the paternal grand-father, first daughter, paternal-grandmother etc. In Antrim the relevant names we have are a number of Daniel's and an occasional John and William. In Donegal the men-at-arms of the 1630's went by the names of John (four of them), Robert (two of them), Duncan, Fyndley, Thomas and James. By the time of the 1665 Hearth Money roll we have the name Patrick McKinley appearing alongside Fyndley in Taghboyne (place name of the third Scotch Irish settlement on the Suquehanna River in Pennsylvania). A generation later the name Samuel starts to appear in the Londonderry family. Both Duncan and Robert, as first names, remained resolutely west-Ulster rather than east-Ulster (ie Antrim), suggesting that John, who stayed in Boston where Duncan, John and William were already based, also hailed from the Donegal line.
So it seems to me that this first wave of McKinley's hailed from the families of the first settlers into Ulster.